According to a new study published last week in the scientific journal Nature, published from London, even ordinary soil can cause major climate change. Experiments have shown that when the earth beneath the warm rain forests was artificially heated to a temperature as high as the rest of the world in the coming decades, warmer earth The Earth emits 55% more carbon dioxide than normal temperatures, which causes the planet’s temperature to rise. If this principle is applied to all areas known as tropical regions, it can be estimated that as the Earth’s temperature rises, the risk of large amounts of carbon absorbed underground will increase. An environmentalist at the University of Edinburgh, who oversaw the study, said: “This is not good news. If it did, the damage would be huge.”
Our thin layer of earth’s surface, which covers most of the Earth’s surface, contains huge amounts of carbon. This is more than the total carbon found in all the plants on earth and in the atmosphere. They use clusters of carbon bacteria and fungi and convert some of this carbon into microbes and release the rest into the atmosphere in the form of carbon dioxide during respiration. These germs grow rapidly and become active in hot weather. In hot weather, their digestive and respiratory systems become more active. Eric Davidson, an environmental scientist at the University of Maryland College of Environmental Sciences in Frostburg, is not involved in the research. However, he says this new research or discovery is an example of why we need to be more concerned about global warming.
It is a well-known fact that scientists are always on the lookout for something, so in the early 1990’s, environmentalists began to develop devices that could be used to detect certain things about the future. To artificially heat the earth. Experiments in hot and humid forests have shown that carbon-rich soils emit a significant amount of carbon almost every time it warms up. In 2016, a group of researchers estimated that by 2050, enough carbon would have been emitted from the earth’s surface to make it a whole country like the United States. But the study did not look at large tropical regions where one-third of the world’s carbon is stored. But it is difficult to experiment with this carbon deposit because these areas are full of different kinds of animals, so it is possible that an animal may damage a device placed there for experimentation or chew an electrical wire. Then there is the issue of researchers and equipment safety. Margaret Tom Lawrence works as an environmentalist at the Berkeley Lab in California. He, too, is not involved in the research, but says that such research is vital to understanding the role of the earth in climate change. 2014
He was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Nottingham, Edinburgh. He traveled to Borough of Colorado. It is a man-made island in the Panama Canal area where the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute is located. Nottingham buried electrical wires four feet deep in five round plots there. Special measures were also taken to protect these wires. Waterproof devices were installed to collect data on temperature and other changes, but the team faced many problems. Several wires caught fire, forcing researchers to wait another year and affect their budgets. They analyzed that the electrical resistance in these wires caused the surrounding ground to heat up to 6 degrees Fahrenheit. This increase in temperature is less than the possible temperature that the tropics are expected to raise by the end of this century. Other instruments showed that carbon was emitted from the plot where it was being tested, as well as from nearby plots that had not been artificially heated. The results of the Nottingham team’s experiment were very serious: 55% more carbon was being emitted from heated plots. Tom had a similar experience in the forests of California. However, in his experiment, 35% more carbon was released. Still, he said it was a huge amount. Researchers have estimated that 65 billion metric tons of carbon would have entered the Earth’s atmosphere by 2100 if the same situation continued in all warmer regions on Earth. The amount of carbon emitted from all human resources throughout the year is six times that amount.
Tana Wood, an American forest service ecologist, has raised a new point in this regard. He says it remains to be seen how trees and plants will react to this changing environment. He says that for example, if plants and trees accelerate the process of photosynthesis during high carbon emissions, then a significant portion of the carbon dioxide emitted from the warm surface of the earth should be used. Will and climate
But it will not have much effect. Tana says that in this context, it is half the story of carbon. Remember that his team is now conducting an experiment in which the air as well as the ground is being artificially heated to estimate how plants and germs react to it. Tana and his team are using infrared heaters to artificially heat the earth.
Nottingham has the funds to continue the project for another five years, but the results in two years give an idea of how important it is to restore the ecosystem, while Nottingham says It is our good fortune to live in a stable climate. What will happen in the future?